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Common Tree Species in Edmonton & Sherwood Park

There are many different types of trees commonly found in Edmonton and Sherwood Park, Alberta. Our list below includes identifying features so you can determine what type of trees you have on your property, as well as some care tips and what pests and diseases commonly affect each type of tree.

All Season Tree Service is your arborist in Edmonton. We offer a wide range of tree services to Edmonton and Sherwood Park. From disease consultations to tree removal in Edmonton, your trees will be well taken care of when you call us.

Below is a list of common tree species in Edmonton and Sherwood Park. It is by no means a comprehensive list, so if you think you have other types of trees on your property feel free to call us to learn more about them.

Aspens tree

BALSAM POPLAR – POPULUS BALSAMIFERA

  Height: 25m

  Leaves: Oval or heart-shaped leaves that are shiny on top, and greenish grey bark

  Growth: Fast growing tree

  Climate: Commonly found in forestland and riverbanks; prefers wetter areas

  Care: Little care required – ensure the soil is rich and well-drained 

  Pests: Leaf-feeding caterpillars, leaf beetles, mealybugs, scales and poplar petiolegall aphid

  Diseases: Cytospora canker and more

Colorado Spruce

COLORADO SPRUCE – PICEA PUNGENS

  Height: 12m

  Leaves: Rigid needles attach to tree singularly; blue or green colour bark; symmetrical shape

  Growth: Fast growing

  Climate: Grow best in sunny locations with moist, well-drained, fertile soil; tolerates dry wind and dry soil

  Care: Little care required – water regularly during first season and during dry spells thereafter

  Pests: White pine weevils

  Diseases: Needle cast, canker of spruce and more

Lodgepole pine

LODGEPOLE PINE – PINUS CONTORTA

Alberta's provincial tree

  Height: 20-30m

  Leaves: Yellow-green needles cluster in pairs of two and reach lengths of 2.5-7.5cm; cones remain on tree for years

  Growth: Adaptable tree that grows quickly

  Climate: Wet and dry climates; prefer sandy soil; not commonly used for landscaping purposes

  Care: Be sure to water young lodgepole pines and fertilize the tree 2-3 times the first year

  Pests: Mountain pine beetle and warren root collar weevil

  Diseases: Larch dwarf mistletoe, pine needle cast and more

tamarack

TAMARACK LARCH – LARIX LARICINA

  Height: 25m

  Leaves: Three-sided blue-green needles that fall to the ground in the fall; red-brown, scaly bark; round, small seed cones

  Growth: Fast growing in first 50 years for boreal conifers

  Climate: Tolerates varied climates, but commonly found in wetlands and valley slopes

  Care: Require constant moisture while growing but little care once established

  Pests: Larch sawfly, larch casebearer and spruce budworm

  Diseases: Dwarf mistletoe, canker disease and more

White spruce

WHITE SPRUCE – PICEA GLAUCA

  Height: 25-30m

  Leaves: Four-sided bluish-green needles are softer than others and stand out from all sides of the twigs in a spiral arrangement

  Growth: Relatively fast

  Climate: Hardy native tree; prefers sites with acidic soil, sunlight and more moisture than the Colorado spruce

  Care: Require little care – be sure to water young plants often

  Pests: White pine weevil, balsam fir sawfly, spruce budworm, spruce coneworm and more

  Diseases: Red heart rot, root disease, root rot and more

POPULUS TREMULOIDES

ASPEN (TREMBLING ASPEN, QUAKING ASPEN) — POPULUS TREMULOIDES

Height: 25m

Leaves: Rounded light green leaves with a short, tapered tip

Growth: Very fast growing; aggressive root system

Climate: Found in a wide variety of regions and environments across Canada

Care: Prefers moist, well-drained and slightly acidic soil that’s high in calcium; not commonly used for landscaping purposes

Pests: Bruce spanworm, fall webworm, forest tent caterpillar, gypsy moth, large aspen tortrix, satin moth and more

Diseases: Marssonina leaf spot, silver leaf disease, aspen rust, inkspot and more

BETULA PAPYRIFERA

WHITE BIRCH (CANOE BIRCH, PAPER BIRCH) — BETULA PAPYRIFERA

Height: 25-35m

  Leaves: Dull green oval-shaped leaves with jagged edges and a tapered point

  Growth: Fast growing

  Climate: Commonly found around forest edges and near moist stream banks and lakesides

  Care: Water frequently; prefers full sun and sandy or rocky loam soil

  Pests: Fall webworm, forest tent caterpillar, gypsy moth and more

  Diseases: Birch leaf blister, brown cubical sap rot, silver leaf disease, sterile conk trunk rot and more

PINUS BANKSIANA

JACK PINE (BANKSIAN PINE, GREY PINE, SCRUB PINE) — PINUS BANKSIANA

  Height: 20m

  Leaves: Sharp-pointed yellowish-green needles that grow in bundles of two

  Growth: Fast growing, up to 2 feet a year

  Climate: Commonly found in shallow soils and rocky out-crops

  Care: Little care required — tolerates neglect and does best in sandy, well-drained soils

  Pests: Jack pine budworm, mountain pine beetle, pine false webworm, Warren root collar weevil, white pine weevil and more

  Diseases: Brown cubical sap rot, pine needle cast, red heart rot, scleroderris canker, sirococcus shoot blight and more

PICEA MARIANA

BLACK SPRUCE (BOG SPRUCE, SWAMP SPRUCE) — PICEA MARIANA

Height: 20-30m

Leaves: Short greyish-green needles densely packed around the branch tips

Growth: Slow growing

Climate: Commonly found in wetlands such as bogs and swamps

Care: Little care required — very adaptable, grows well in a variety of soils, moisture levels and light conditions

Pests: Balsam fir sawfly, eastern blackheaded budworm, European spruce sawfly, spruce budworm, spruce coneworm, yellowheaded spruce sawfly and more

Diseases: Eastern dwarf mistletoe, spruce broom rust, spruce needle rust, tomentosus root rot and more

ACER NEGUNDO

MANITOBA MAPLE (ASHLEAF MAPLE, BOX-ELDER) — ACER NEGUNDO

  Height: 20m

  Leaves: Light green compound leaves composed of 3-9 leaflets

  Growth: Fast growing

  Climate: Commonly found in seasonally flooded areas and along lakeshores and stream banks

  Care: Little care required — cold hardy and tolerant of a wide range of soil moisture conditions

  Pests: Pale winged grey, Asian long-horned beetle, fall cankerworm, lesser shothole borer, redcrossed stink bug and whitetriangle leafroller

  Diseases: Speckled tar spot and xylaria root rot

Need Tree Service?

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All Season Tree Service

All Season Tree Service

Address

PO Box 71024, Edmonton T5E 6J8

Phone 

780-464-2436

Hours

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7:00 AM – 9:00 PM

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